We all need to know some basics for administering first aid in case of an injury, burn, heart attack or an accident, before we can seek any medical intervention. Fractures, burns, cuts and bruises are common place especially if you have a child around. Just knowing a few pointers will come in handy in caring for our near and dear ones.


  •  The affected area should be kept under cold running water for 10 minutes to dissipate the heat and reduce further burns
  •  Chemical burns need prolonged washing
  •  Burnt area should be covered with sterile, non-fluffy dressing
  •  Monitor respiration and pulse as patient invariably goes into shock


  •  Clean wound with water. Avoid using soap 
  •  Remove dirt/debris in the wound
  •  Apply antibiotic ointment 
  •  Dress/ bandage the wound 
  •  Change dressing daily
  •  Minor cuts stop bleeding in 10 minutes


Insect bite

  •  Remove the stinger, especially if it`s stuck in your skin. This will prevent the release of more venom. Wash area with soap and water.
  •  Apply a cold pack or cloth filled with ice to reduce pain and swelling.
  •  If the swelling does not subside, seek medical advice.


  •  Immobilize the affected area and keep the patient still.
  •  The patient could even temporarily faint because of pain.
  •  Do not massage to affected area or attempt to straighten the broken limb.
  •  Seek medical help.

Heart attacks

  •  Take an aspirin, unless you have been advised by your doctor not to take aspirin. Seek your hospital’s emergency help promptly.
  •  Take nitroglycerin, if prescribed. If you think you`re having a heart attack and your doctor has previously prescribed nitroglycerin for you, take it as directed. Do not take anyone else`s nitroglycerin, because that could put you in more danger.
  •  Begin CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation). It is an emergency procedure for people in cardiac or respiratory arrest.  Perform chest compressions (rhythmic pressing of the patient`s chest to manually pump blood through the heart) and exhale into the patient’s mouth to ventilate the lungs and pass oxygen in to the blood until help arrives. 
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